Detachment of the retina from the outer supportive layer of the eye is a very serious condition. It is caused by a tear in the retina that allows the retina to separate from the eye wall. It is usually an emergency procedure when the tear is large or when the detachment does not involve the macula. In all cases it needs to be repaired.
Treatment of Retinal Detachment
Immediate surgical treatment is necessary. Vitrectomy, Laser Surgery, Cryotherapy, C3F8 Gas, and Scleral Buckle are some of the surgical procedures that would need to be performed for this condition. The procedure performed would be based upon the physician's findings.
Vitrectomy is a surgical procedure done in the operating room. This procedure removes non-clearing vitreous hemorrhage (blood in the eye) and/or scar tissue causing traction retinal detachment. Once the blood and/or scar tissue removed, the view through the vitreous is cleared from blood and the retina has a chance to flatten back into place. Frequentlly PRP laser therapy is also performed at the time a vitgrectomy is done to cauterize leaking blood vessels or to treat deadened areas of the retina that have potential to develop neovascularization. This surgical procedure is usually done under local anesthesia with mild sedation in an outpatient facility.
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